Wood, J: Icelandic Morphosyntax and Argument Structure

Artikelnummer:  IS5447
Wood, Jim
Icelandic Morphosyntax and Argument Structure

eng. , 2016, Kt

This book provides a detailed st...
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Wood, Jim :

Icelandic Morphosyntax and Argument Structure

Englisch. 2. Aufl. Berlin, 2016. XXI, 316 S., 76 Abb., 11 Tab., (Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 90) Kt

This book provides a detailed study of Icelandic argument structure alternations within a syntactic theory of argument structure. Building on recent theorizing within the Minimalist Program and Distributed Morphology, the author proposes that much of what is traditionally attributed to syntax should be relegated to the interfaces, and adapts the late insertion theory of morphology to semantics. The resulting system forms sound-meaning pairs by generating hierarchical structures that can be translated into morphological representations, on the one hand, and semantic representations, on the other. The syntactic primitives, however, underdetermine both morphophonology and semantics. Without appealing to special stipulations, the theory derives constraints on the external argument of causative-alternation verbs, interpretive restrictions on nominative objects, and the optionally agentive interpretation of verbs denoting self-directed motion.

Introduction.- 1.1 Aim and Scope.- 1.2 The Present System.- 1.2.1 Syntax.- 1.2.2 The Syntactic Pieces.- 1.2.3 Morphology.- 1.2.4 Semantics.- 1.2.5 Interpretation and Allosemy.- 1.2.6 What Are Argument Structure Alternations ?.- 1.3 On the Data.- 1.4 A Brief Overview of Icelandic Morphosyntax.- 1.4.1 Oblique Subjects and Case Morphology.- 1.4.2 Expletive Constructions.- 1.4.3 Verb Movement and Word Order.- 1.4.4 Simplex, Complex, and Long- Distance Reflexives.- 1.4.5 Progressive Aspect.- 1.4.6 The New Impersonal Passive and Dative-Accusative Constructions.- 1.5 Outline of the Remainder of the Book.- 2. The Morphosyntax of st .- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 On st Morphology: What st is and isn t.- 2.2.1 Reflexive st Verbs.- 2.2.2 st is Not (Usually) Passive.- 2.2.3 st Appears to be Caseless.- 2.2.4 st Has One or More -Features.- 2.3 Clitic properties of st .- 2.3.1 Positioning and distributional properties.- 2.3.2 Paradigmatic properties- the form of st .- 2.3.3 Morphophonological properties.- 2.3.4 Inherent st Verbs.- 2.3.5 The Idiosyncrasy of st : Special Meaning is No Special Problem.- 2.3.6 Alternating with a word .- 2.3.7 Summary.- 2.4 Possible Clitic Analysis of st .- 2.4.1 Right Adjunction.- 2.4.2 Defective Goal.- 2.4.3 Adjunction to X or Movement to Dedicated Specifier Position.- 2.5 Does it matter if st is a clitic?.- 2.6 Summary.- 3. DP Internal Argument The Causative Alternation.- 3.1 An Overview of the Causative Alternation.- 3.2 Morphology of Specifierless Voice.- 3.2.1 Unmarked Alternations and ka Suffixation.- 3.2.2 na- Marked Alternations.- 3.2.3 Allomorphy-Marked Alternations.- 3.2.4 Summary.- 3.3 Direct Object Datives and Anticausatives.- 3.4 Thematic Interpretation of Causatives/Anticausatives.- 3.4.1 st Marked Anticausatives.- 3.4.2 nalØ -Marked Anticausatives.- 3.4.3 Specifierless Voice Versus no Voice at all.- 3.4.4 Summary.- 3.4.5 Root Distribution in Anticlausatives.- 3.4.6 Anticausative st vis-à- vis a DP in SpecVoiceP.- 3.5 Summary.- 4. pP Internal Argument Figure Reflexives and Object Demotion .- 4.1 An Overview of the Syntax of Figure and Ground.- 4.2 Thematic Interpretation of Figure Reflexives.- 4.2.1 st-Marked Figure Reflexives.- 4.2.2 Unmarked Figure Reflexives.- 4.2.3 Figure Reflexives vis-à- vis Reflexive Pronouns.- 4.2.4 Root Distribution in Figure Reflexives.- 4.3 Expletive p.- 4.3.1 Internal Argument Demotion .- 4.3.2 Expletive Voice and Expletive p Together.- 4.4 Summary.- 5. Applicatives and Applied Datives.- 5.1 A Typology of Icelandic Applicatives.- 5.1.1 High Applicatives.- 5.1.2 Low Applicatives.- 5.1.3 High-Low Applicatives.- 5.2 Valency Reduction of ApplP.- 5.2.1 Anticausatives of Ditransitives.- 5.2.2 -st in SpecApplP.- 5.2.3 Ingestives and Specerfierless Appl.- 5.2.4 Root Distribution in Ingestives.- 5.3 Psych-Verbs with Dative Subjects.- 5.4 Summary.- 6. More on the Syntax of st Verbs.- 6.1 Denominal st Verbs.- 6.2 Modal Passive st Verbs and Generic Middles.- 6.3 Causative Láta Let and st Verbs.- 6.4 Reciprocal st Verbs.- 6.5 Other Reflexive st Verbs.- Conclusion.- References.- Index

ISBN 978-3-319-09137-2 9783319091372 ISBN 978-3-319-34811-7 9783319348117 Springer